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So very Armenian -Khachkar, Lavash, Zhingalov

There are quite a few things that I found either unique to Armenian or omnipresent in this country: the gas-pipelines crisscrossing the country , the  candle trays in churches, Lavash and Zhingalov, the famous flat bread, or Khachkars, stone crosses. And lets not forget the current hairstyle for young men.


Zhngalov Khat, flat bread filled with 7-27 herbs

Lavash and  Zhingalov Khat

Lavash, a kind of flatbread, is the staple food in Armenia, it is found everywhere. There is even a sweet version. Unique to Nagorno Karabagh is a  refined  version,  Zhingalov Khat. It is Lavash filled with many different herbs. In Goris I was lucky enough to come across a group of ladies who were making lavash in a tiny bakery, they three were working like machines. One was rolling the dough out flat and thin , the next step and done by a second woman  was spreading the think spread of dough on a cushioned board and then slamming sticking against the walls of an oven set in the ground. The third was getting the Lavash out with a long iron hook.

Lavash making – the three steps :rolling out the dough, sticking it against the oven wall, getting it out with a hook


Lavash making – rolling out the dough


Lavash making – spreading the dough onto the board


Lavash making -sticking the dough against the walls of the oven


Gas pipelines criss-crossing the country

Already on my first day in Verevan the yellow  gas pipelines that run along many streets struck me. I was imagining accidents like cars plowing into them, leaks, or even sabotage. Armenian just shook their heads when I expressed my concern, nothing like that has ever happened. This pipelines  are also omnipresent throughout Armenia’s lovely country side, I especially loved  those bits when the pipeline had to go high up to allow trucks to pass under.

According to Gazprom Armenia, the company operates 14,279 km of such gas pipelines. About 80 per cent of Armenia’s vehicle fleet runs on natural gas.

Yellow gas pipelines are criss-crossing Armenian, in rural and urban areas


Hairdo for Armenian men

When I asked my young friend Polyna how she distinguishes between Armenian men and Iranian tourists, her answer was quick. their hairdo. Armenian men’s  latest fashion is fringes, that look as if the were glued to the forehead. The guys on the left is the driver of my shared taxis going from Yerevan to Goris. The photo was taken during a snow storm on a mountain pass when we were  making a rest stop.

Male Armenian Hairstyle 2016, fringes

Khachkars – stone crosses

khachkar, also known as an Armenian cross-stone is a carved, memorial stele bearing a cross, and often with other motifs. Khachkars are characteristic of Medieval Christian Armenian art.

Most early khachkars were erected in order to save the soul of  a living or a deceased person. Others commemorate a military victory, the construction of a church, or serve as a form of protection from natural disasters The most common location for early khachkars was in a graveyard. About 40,000 khachkars survive today. Most of them are free standing,


Khachkar stone cross in Noravank


Khachkar – stone cross in Gandzasar Monastery, Nagorno Karabagh


Monasteries & candle tray

In front of Russian Orthodox Churches, elderly people or sometimes older children, usually sell thin yellow candles to people entering. The interior of most Orthodox Churches is usually rather simple. So these large, flat, iron trays filled with a thick layer of sand are often the dominating element of a church. In the trays the worshippers place the lit candles while saying a quiet prayer. I found this a very touching ritual to watch, the serene and calm faces of the people glow gently from the light of the candles. They seem to be fully concentrated on what they are doing. It is also quite common for women covering their head when entering a church or attending mass.

In churches flat iron trays filled with sand are provided to place lit candles

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