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Omdurman – full of history

 North-west of Khartoum center lies the district of Omdurman that hosts most of Khartoum’s sights: the Mahdi’s Tomb, the Khalida’s House, Sudan’s largest Souk and the ultimate highlight of any visit to Khartoum, the Dancing Dervishes who gather every Friday at the Tomb of Skeikh Hamed al Nil set in the middle of a Sufi cemetery.

Mahdi’s Tomb in Omdurman

Mahdi’s Tomb

The tomb with is glittering dome is one of the few sights in Khartoum and the perfect invitation to dive into Sudanese 19th century history. Built in honor of the Madhi whose forces kicked the Egyptian and the British out of Khartoum in 1885. The British General Gordon died in the event. Fourteen years late the British recaptured Khartoum in the famous battle of Omdurman 1998. Taking revenge for the death of the by-then-war hero Gordon was a strong motivation and blowing up the tomb of the Mahdi was part of it. The present tomb was erected in 1947 and an exact replica of the original tomb. The building that holds the tomb is fenced in and only opens on Fridays.

Courtyard of Mahdi’s Tomb at Omdurman

When we visited, a small group of men was sitting on carpets in the garden, they seemed happy to see visitors from abroad to show interest in Sudanese history and enjoyed to have their photos taken.

Mahdi’s Tomb at Omdurman

Khalifa’s House

Right across the Mahdi’s tomb is the Khalifa’s House, who was the successor of the Mahdi. The building now serves as a museum reminding of the Battle of Omburman (1889), where General Kitchener took revenge for the defeat and death of General Gordon in 1885.

Mahdists Khatim Musa and Khalid Skeih Al Din

The exhibits of spears, ancient rifles and  crocodile-hide shields illustrate how inadequate the weapons of the Mahdi’s army were in the face of British artillery and repeat rifles. We were the only visitors and took our time, but if you are in a rush, it is not a must- see, especially since it is closed on Friday, the only day Mahdi’s Tomb across the road can be visited.

Spears and shields used by of the Mahdi’s army

 

Whirling Dervishes

Any visit to Sudan must be planed around this ceremony, so you must be there on a Friday (ideally are two Fridays in Khartoum since the Nubian Wrestling is also a Friday only event). We were a bit late so we missed the march across the cemetery of the followers of the tariqa, the 19th century Sufi leader Hamed al Nil. By the time we got there a large circle of men had already formed, lots of chanting and swaying, accompanied by drums and cymbals. I tried to climb a rusty scaffolding to get good photos since I did not want to force my way into the all male crowd. Later I noticed a group of women that had climbed some a small raised platform on the shrine, they waved me over and it turned out to be the perfect place to watch and take photos. Kelly stayed near the circle and immediately was surrounded by curious young women and boys, they all wanted to have a selfie taken with her. The ceremony ended in a common prayer and slowly the men parted resulting in lots of hugging and polite words of farewell. Kelly had linked with many of the teenagers via WhatsApp and the messages kept pouring in all night and the following days.

 Omdurman Souk

is the largest one in Sudan, a maze of alleys full of small shops and vendors selling food, shoes, clothes, old radios, you name it. We bought dates and nuts, the negotiations and talks triggers by our shopping allowed us to make some great photos. There is a part where souvenirs are sold and this was the only place that we saw tourists, a small group of Italians.

The only sign of Omdurman once being a place separated from Khartoum is a tiny piece of this old city wall, now in the midst of a road surrounded by an ugly fence.

 

 

 

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